The richest goldfields where near Ballarat. People all around the world came to dig for gold, especially the Chinese.
One way miners used to separate gold from dirt and gravel was called panning.
Today we tried doing it ourselves. We picked up the sand put it in the pan then washed it out and found specks of crystals. There wasn't any gold there.
I think I'm very glad that I'm not doing a job all day everyday. I don't think I'd like it.